Istanbul, TURKEY, August 15, 2003 - At the fifth day of the 21st World Philosophy Congress, currently in Istanbul, philosophers from around the world heavily criticised the United States and shared their suggestions on what to do about the world\'s only superpower. After reminding the Congress that the U.S. Administration organised an operation in Iraq with the excuse of finding Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs) and then threatened North Korea with the same excuse, Australian philosopher Prof. Peter Singer asked if launching a preventive operation against countries having WMDs was a legitimate right. He then suggested that the U.S. also has WMDs and North Korea may have the same right to launch an operation against the U.S.
Singer suggested that the United Nations\' (UN) structure should be changed in order to counter U.S. hegemony. He proposed the abolishment of veto power and a change to a pluralist system. Asserting that the UN is not democratic, Singer said, \"5 countries have the power of a veto and four of them share a Christian tradition. Not even one Muslim country has the power to veto.\" Singer feels the U.S. seeks to spread American ideals around the world by means of a global hegemony.
American philosopher Prof. Iris Young supported the critics against her country and said, \"We are living under a world dictatorship. Hegemony seems like the only game under the global dictatorship. Some say this is an emperorship.\" Questioning what kind of preventive measures can be taken against hegemonic power, Young supported Singer\'s views.
South African philosopher Prof. Michael Pendlebury pointed out that the majority of the world\'s population is at the mercy of global powers and stressed that supranational institutions should be developed.
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